How Big Do Walleye Get? (Average And Record Sizes)


Walleye, a popular freshwater fish, can attain impressive sizes, with an average length of approximately 30.3 inches. However, they have been known to reach even greater lengths.

The oldest recorded Lake of the Woods walleye was 23 years old and measured 30.3 inches, suggesting the potential for even older specimens.

To effectively fish for walleye, appropriate gear is essential. The Ugly Stik GX2 Medium 66 Spinning Rod is recommended due to its lightweight, sensitive, and versatile features. Coupling it with the Pflueger President 30 Spinning Reel, known for its affordability and high performance, is also a wise choice. Utilizing Power Pro Braid as the fishing line offers advantages such as zero stretch and strength, making it suitable for various conditions.

For more information about walleye, articles covering their spawning times, food preferences, and habitat are available. Additionally, a featured image courtesy of Bryan Faurot II is provided.

Tags related to this topic include record walleye, walleye age, and walleye size.

Key Takeaways

  • Average size of walleye: 14 to 20 inches in length, 1 to 3 pounds
  • Record sizes of walleye: can exceed 30 inches in length and weigh over 20 pounds
  • Walleye growth rate influenced by genetics, food availability, and environmental conditions
  • Understanding walleye size is important for fishing and conservation efforts

Average Size

The average size of a walleye is approximately 30.3 inches, based on the oldest Lake of the Woods walleye recorded, which was 23 years old.

The growth rate of walleye can vary depending on various factors. These factors include the availability of food, water temperature, and genetics.

Walleye tend to grow faster in waters with abundant food resources and in warmer temperatures. Additionally, genetics play a role in determining the size of walleye, as some individuals may have faster growth rates than others.

It is important to note that while 30.3 inches is the average size, walleye have the potential to grow larger, with some individuals reaching lengths of over 40 inches.

Record Size

Reaching exceptional lengths, walleye have been known to achieve impressive dimensions that astound even the most seasoned anglers. The record size for walleye is a testament to their potential growth under favorable environmental factors. While the average size of walleye may range from 14 to 20 inches, there have been reports of individuals reaching lengths of over 30 inches. These colossal specimens often weigh between 10 and 15 pounds, showcasing the true potential of this species. However, it is important to note that the growth of walleye is influenced by various environmental factors, including food availability, water temperature, and habitat quality. The table below provides a comparison between the average size and record size of walleye:

Size (Inches) Average Record
Length 14-20 >30
Weight 1-3 10-15

This table highlights the substantial difference between the average and record sizes of walleye, emphasizing the potential for these fish to reach exceptional dimensions.

Oldest Walleye

One interesting aspect of walleye is their impressive lifespan, with individuals being documented to live up to 29 years. This longevity allows them to grow to significant sizes over time.

While the oldest recorded walleye is 29 years old, there is potential for even older individuals to exist. The growth rate of walleye is influenced by various factors such as food availability, habitat quality, and genetic factors.

Generally, walleye experience rapid growth during the first few years of their life and then slow down as they reach maturity. This growth rate can vary depending on the specific conditions of the environment they inhabit.

Overall, the ability of walleye to live for several decades contributes to their potential to reach impressive sizes.

Gear Tips

Gear Tips for Walleye Fishing include recommendations for a lightweight and sensitive spinning rod, an affordable and high-performance spinning reel, and a zero stretch braid suitable for various conditions.

When targeting walleye, it is important to have a rod that is lightweight and sensitive, allowing anglers to detect subtle bites and make precise casts. The Ugly Stik GX2 Medium 66 Spinning Rod is a popular choice due to its versatility and durability.

Pairing it with the Pflueger President 30 Spinning Reel, which offers smooth and reliable performance at an affordable price, ensures a successful fishing experience.

Additionally, using Power Pro Braid as a fishing line provides zero stretch, making it easier to feel even the slightest nibbles.

These gear recommendations, combined with effective fishing techniques, such as jigging or trolling, can greatly enhance the chances of landing the oldest walleye.

Spawning Times

During the spawning season, walleye exhibit specific behaviors and timing in relation to their reproductive activities. Walleye typically spawn in the spring when water temperatures reach around 42-50°F.

Females release their eggs in shallow, rocky areas with clean gravel or sand bottoms, while males release their sperm to fertilize the eggs. Spawning usually occurs at night, with walleye gathering in large numbers in specific spawning grounds.

The eggs are adhesive and attach to the substrate, where they develop and hatch in about 10-14 days.

Spawning success is crucial for maintaining healthy walleye populations, and therefore, conservation efforts often focus on protecting and enhancing spawning habitats. These efforts include controlling water pollution, managing fishing regulations, and implementing habitat restoration projects to ensure the sustainability of walleye populations.

Food Preferences

Walleye, known for their voracious appetite, have a diverse diet that includes a variety of prey. Their food preferences are influenced by factors such as the availability of prey and the underwater structure of their habitat.

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Walleye primarily feed on smaller fish species like yellow perch, minnows, and shad. They are also known to consume insects, crayfish, and even small mammals in certain cases.

Understanding their feeding habits is crucial for successful angling techniques. Anglers often use techniques such as jigging, trolling, and live bait to attract walleye.

Conservation efforts play a vital role in maintaining healthy populations of walleye. Implementing catch-and-release practices, protecting spawning grounds, and managing fishing regulations are all important steps in preserving these prized fish for future generations of anglers.


The habitat of the walleye is a crucial factor in their survival and reproductive success. Walleye are highly adaptable and can be found in a variety of freshwater habitats, including lakes, rivers, and reservoirs. They prefer clear, cool waters with abundant vegetation and rocky or sandy bottoms.

Walleye migration patterns play a significant role in their feeding habits. During the spring, walleye migrate from deeper waters to shallower areas for spawning. They prefer areas with gravel or rocky substrates where they can deposit their eggs. After spawning, walleye may move to deeper waters or seek out areas with submerged structures, such as fallen trees or underwater ledges, where they can ambush their prey.

Overall, understanding the habitat preferences and migration patterns of walleye is essential for successful fishing and conservation efforts.

Habitat Preference Description
Water clarity Clear
Water temperature Cool
Bottom type Rocky or sandy
Vegetation Abundant

Related Articles

Related articles provide valuable information about walleye spawning times, food preferences, and habitat preferences, helping enthusiasts better understand and appreciate the unique characteristics of this species.

These articles offer insights into the specific times when walleye spawn, which can vary depending on factors such as water temperature and photoperiod.

Additionally, they discuss the types of food that walleye prefer, including various prey species such as minnows and insects. Understanding these food preferences can be crucial for anglers looking to attract walleye and improve their fishing success.

Furthermore, the articles delve into the habitat preferences of walleye, such as their affinity for rocky structures and areas with ample vegetation. This knowledge can assist in walleye conservation efforts and help fishermen target specific areas where the species is likely to thrive.

Additionally, the articles may provide insights into effective fishing techniques for catching walleye, including the use of specific lures or bait presentations.

Overall, these articles serve as valuable resources for walleye enthusiasts seeking to deepen their understanding of the species.

Featured Image

The featured image showcases a stunning perspective of a walleye in its natural habitat, captured by Bryan Faurot II. The image provides an intimate view of the walleye, highlighting its unique features and beauty. It allows viewers to appreciate the average size of a walleye in comparison to its surroundings.

When it comes to walleye growth rate, they have the potential to reach impressive sizes. The average size of a walleye can vary depending on factors such as habitat and food availability. However, they typically range from 14 to 20 inches in length and weigh between 1 to 3 pounds.

It’s important to note that walleye have the ability to grow larger, with record sizes exceeding 30 inches and weighing over 20 pounds. The growth rate of walleye is influenced by various factors such as genetics, food availability, and environmental conditions.


Moving on from the featured image, let’s now focus on the tags associated with the topic of "how big do walleye get? (average and record sizes)." These tags provide additional information and related topics that readers might find interesting. In this case, the tags include "Record walleye, walleye age, walleye size." These tags highlight the importance of record-breaking walleye catches, the age of walleye, and the variability in their sizes. Readers who are interested in learning about the largest walleye ever caught or the factors that determine the size of walleye would find these tags particularly useful. Additionally, the tags indicate that there may be related content on muskie fishing techniques and pike habitat preferences. This suggests that readers who are interested in walleye fishing might also be interested in exploring these topics.

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Walleye age
Walleye size
Muskie fishing techniques
Pike habitat preferences


In conclusion, walleye can grow to impressive sizes, with the average length being around 30.3 inches. However, there have been reports of even larger specimens, with the potential for older fish reaching up to 29 years.

To successfully fish for walleye, it is recommended to use the Ugly Stik GX2 Medium 66 Spinning Rod paired with the Pflueger President 30 Spinning Reel. Using Power Pro Braid as the fishing line is also advantageous.

For more information about walleye, articles on their spawning times, food preferences, and habitat are available, along with a featured image.

Tags related to this topic include record walleye, walleye age, and walleye size.

About the author

Kimberly is an experienced angler and outdoor enthusiast with a passion for all things fishing. She has been honing her skills on the water for over 7 years, mastering various techniques and tactics for both freshwater and saltwater fishing.

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